Bitcoin surged above $24,000 for the first time in over two weeks as investors exhaled after U.S. regulators stepped in to back deposits at Silicon Valley Bank (SVB) and Signature Bank (SBNY), and grew hopeful that the near meltdown of the banking sector would prompt the Federal Reserve to ratchet back its monetary hawkishness.
But a number of analysts said that markets were buoyed by the regulators’ decisions late Sunday to make depositors at crypto-friendly Signature Bank and Silicon Valley Bank. Earlier in the day, New York state’s top regulatory agency shuttered Signature, saying that it had “taken possession of the bank to protect depositors.”
“The Fed bailout for depositors has alleviated some of the fears surrounding contagion risk, which resulted in a short squeeze,” Martin Leinweber, digital assets product specialist at MarketVector Indexes, told CoinDesk.
Monday’s surge caught traders who bet on a price fall off guard, forcing them to liquidate some $81 million of BTC short positions over the course of the day. Leinweber noted that “the majority of these (positions were) placed on Friday when concerns were heightened.” These types of short squeezes tend to push prices higher.
In an email to CoinDesk, Joe DiPasquale, CEO of crypto asset manager BitBull Capital, also said that “an outflow” from Circle’s USDC stablecoin to bitcoin and Binance’s decision to exchange stablecoins from its recovery fund to bitcoin and ether also led to price increases.
Meanwhile, markets may have been encouraged by what some analysts believe will be a more dovish tone from the Federal Reserve, which has been stung by criticism in recent months that it was raising interest rates too aggressively. On Sunday, Goldman Sachs analysts forecast no rate hike at the Federal Open Market Committee’s March 22 meeting after recent banking stresses, according to a report.
Yet MarketVector’s Leinweber said that despite temporary bailout relief, sentiment remains “apprehensive and cautious.” He sees concerns raised over “possible further banking fallouts”and businesses that “are industry critical due to the inability to efficiently manage cash flow.”
“Bears have voiced their major points of concern, including that none of the policies address the fundamental duration mismatch problem that many of these financial institutions have,” he said, adding: “The ability to borrow secured from the Fed at par (rather than at market prices) only helps in a distress situation and does not address the mismatch in assets/liabilities and over-reliance on zero-interest large deposits.”
In an email to CoinDesk, Joshua Frank, co-founder and CEO of The Tie, a provider of information services for digital assets, struck a cautiously optimistic note.
“The loss of Silvergate, SVB and Signature is devastating for US-based crypto companies,” Frank wrote. “That said, the crypto market has at least temporarily responded to the bailouts well. In light of the uncertainty surrounding banking in the US, the narrative of Bitcoin as a hedge and safehaven has gained steam.”
Frank added: “While short-term positive, there are still many long-term macro factors to be wary of. US regulators are clearly trying to de-bank crypto, the macro environment does not look great, and major financial institutions went under. If crypto – and in particular Bitcoin – is going to continue to recover, we will likely need to see widespread support for this emerging narrative similar to what we saw in 2020/2021 with the Bitcoin halving/inflation hedge narrative.”
Ether (ETH), the second-largest cryptocurrency, recently rose by over 7% Monday afternoon to change hands around $1,675. Layer 2 protocol Optimism’s native OP token surged 21% Monday. LDO, the governance token of the decentralized autonomous organization (DAO) behind liquid staking system Lido, gained 15%.
The CoinDesk Market Index, which measures the overall crypto market performance, was up over 10% for the day.
Equity markets turned mixed Monday afternoon: The S&P 500, Wall Street’s benchmark equity index, closed down 0.1%. The Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA) slid 0.2%, while the tech-heavy Nasdaq Composite was up 0.4%.
Investors will be eyeing Tuesday’s release of February’s Consumer Price Index.